PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AND RISK OF DEPRESSION

  • Roberts, Robert E, (PI)

Project: Research projectResearch Project

Description

The objectives of the proposed research are to replicate and extend recent
research on psychosocial risk factors in the etiology of depressive
phenomena. The data set which will be used is composed of a probability
sample of 6,928 adults surveyed in Alameda County, California, in 1965, a
panel of 4,864 of these 1965 respondents who provided data in a follow-up
study conducted in 1973-74, and a 50 percent subsample (n=1,799) of this
panel followed-up again in 1982-83. Data on the same basic measures were
collected at each of the three points in time. A subset of these groups
consists of couples in which both members completed questionnaires. There
were 2,480 couples in 1965 and 1,447 in 1974 still married to the same
person as in 1965. Analyses will focus on the relationship of three
classes of putative psychosocial risk factors to nonclinical depression:
status attributes, personal resources and life stress. The status
attributes of primary interest are age, gender, marital status,
socieconomic status, and employment. Personal resources include measures
of coping style and social networks, as well as health practices. Life
stress is measured using data on object loss, illness, other life events of
an undesirable or threatening nature (such as job loss, marital
disruption), and life strain (marital strain, job strain, parental
responsibility, economic strain.) Using couples data, it also will be
possible to examine the issue of concordance on nonclinical depression and
depression in the spouse as a risk for depression in subjects. The
dependent measure is an 18-item index of depressive symptoms developed by
the Principal Investigator. Data analysis will proceed in three phases.
In the first, the 1965 survey data will be used to reexamine the role of
various of the psychosocial risk factors in nonclinical depression, using
cross-sectional data. In the second phase, these initial results will be
reexamined using the 1965-74 panel to assess the presence, magnitude, and
direction of the effects identified in the initial phase, using a two-wave
prospective design. In the third phase, this line of inquiry will be
expanded using the 1965-74-83 three-wave panel subsample.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/848/31/87

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health

Fingerprint

psychosocial factors
job loss
etiology
marital status
resources
spouse
social network
coping
data analysis
illness
questionnaire
event
gender
health
economics

Keywords

  • Medicine(all)