Geographical access to electroconvulsive therapy services in Texas

Yezhe Lin, Joshua Tootoo, Melissa K Allen, Omar F. Pinjari, Jair C Soares, Salih Selek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a well-established and effective treatment in mood disorders but the use of ECT in Texas is much lower than the general average among the United States. Our goal is to explore the geographical accessibility of Electroconvulsive Services in Texas. Methods: 22 ECT Centers in Texas listed in State's 2016 annual ECT report were enrolled and georeferenced. We used Esri's StreetMap Premium Network release 1 network dataset to generate 1-hour drive time service areas for these ECTs. We estimated populations within these service areas based on US Census Tract level population-weighted centroids; generated from the 2015, American Community Survey (ACS) estimates at the US Census Block Group level. Results: About 75% (19,851,802 of 26,538,614) of Texas total population is within a 1-hour drive time to any ECT Services location. When focusing on population below the poverty level from 2015 Block Group level ACS data: 68% (3,046,141 of 4,472,451) are within a 1-hour drive time. Conclusions: ECT services are geographically accessible in Texas. Other barriers may contribute to lower use of ECT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1135-1138
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume245
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2019

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Electroconvulsive Therapy
Censuses
Population
Poverty
Mood Disorders
Drive

Keywords

  • ECT services
  • Geographical accessibility
  • Texas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Lin, Y., Tootoo, J., Allen, M. K., Pinjari, O. F., Soares, J. C., & Selek, S. (2019). Geographical access to electroconvulsive therapy services in Texas. Journal of Affective Disorders, 245, 1135-1138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.12.013

Geographical access to electroconvulsive therapy services in Texas. / Lin, Yezhe; Tootoo, Joshua; Allen, Melissa K; Pinjari, Omar F.; Soares, Jair C; Selek, Salih.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 245, 15.02.2019, p. 1135-1138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Y, Tootoo, J, Allen, MK, Pinjari, OF, Soares, JC & Selek, S 2019, 'Geographical access to electroconvulsive therapy services in Texas' Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 245, pp. 1135-1138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.12.013
Lin, Yezhe ; Tootoo, Joshua ; Allen, Melissa K ; Pinjari, Omar F. ; Soares, Jair C ; Selek, Salih. / Geographical access to electroconvulsive therapy services in Texas. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019 ; Vol. 245. pp. 1135-1138.
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