Patterns of sustained e-cigarette use in a sample of young adults

Melisa R Creamer, Kathleen Case, Alexandra Loukas, Maria R Cooper, Cheryl L Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: E-cigarette use and devices are rapidly changing, yet there is not much scientific evidence examining these changes over time. The purpose of this study is to describe patterns of e-cigarette use in a sample of sustained (i.e., reporting past 30-day e-cigarette use at every wave) e-cigarette users over a two-year period. Methods: Data are drawn from five waves of the Project M-PACT cohort. Analyses are limited to those reporting past 30-day e-cigarette use at each wave (n = 75). Mixed effects regressions were conducted for the following dependent variables: device type, number of days used, combustible tobacco product use, and symptoms of nicotine dependence. Each model used survey wave as the time variable, and controlled for sociodemographic variables. Results: Among sustained users, the majority reported using a rechargeable device. The average number of days used was about 2 for disposable devices and 14 for rechargeable devices (p <.0001). The odds of combustible tobacco product use decreased over time (AOR = 0.71; 95% CI 0.57–0.89), while symptoms of e-cigarette nicotine dependence increased over time (β = 0.07 SE = 0.03, p-value =.02). For both e-cigarette device types, there were no changes in device type or number of days used over time. Conclusion: This is one of the first studies to look at changes in e-cigarette use, including symptoms of dependence and number of days used over a two-year period. This brief report extends the current literature by examining more than the prevalence and frequency of e-cigarette use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-31
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume92
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

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Tobacco Products
Young Adult
Equipment and Supplies
Tobacco Use Disorder
Tobacco Use
Nicotine

Keywords

  • E-cigarettes
  • Longitudinal research
  • Trajectories and transitions
  • Young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Creamer, M. R., Case, K., Loukas, A., Cooper, M. R., & Perry, C. L. (2019). Patterns of sustained e-cigarette use in a sample of young adults. Addictive Behaviors, 92, 28-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.12.011

Patterns of sustained e-cigarette use in a sample of young adults. / Creamer, Melisa R; Case, Kathleen; Loukas, Alexandra; Cooper, Maria R; Perry, Cheryl L.

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 92, 01.05.2019, p. 28-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Creamer, MR, Case, K, Loukas, A, Cooper, MR & Perry, CL 2019, 'Patterns of sustained e-cigarette use in a sample of young adults' Addictive Behaviors, vol. 92, pp. 28-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.12.011
Creamer, Melisa R ; Case, Kathleen ; Loukas, Alexandra ; Cooper, Maria R ; Perry, Cheryl L. / Patterns of sustained e-cigarette use in a sample of young adults. In: Addictive Behaviors. 2019 ; Vol. 92. pp. 28-31.
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