The Roles of Family Factors and Relationship Dynamics on Dating Violence Victimization and Perpetration Among College Men and Women in Emerging Adulthood

Yok Fong Paat, Christine Markham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Using data from the International Dating Violence Study, this study examined the roles of early socialization, family social structure, and relationship dynamics factors on physical aggression in dating among U.S. college students in emerging adulthood. The interaction effects between these three domains of interest (early socialization, family social structure, and relationship dynamics) were explored to understand the underlying mechanisms that influenced victimization and perpetration in dating. In general, we found that family and relational variables associated with dating victimization and perpetration were fairly similar. Among the early socialization variables, experience of childhood neglect and having witnessed domestic violence were significantly related to victimization and perpetration. Living in a two-parent household appeared to exert a protective effect, although associations with parental education were not statistically significant. Furthermore, the participants were more likely to experience victimization or impose aggression in dating relationships which were characterized by conflicts, distress, dominance, or psychological aggression. Overall, for the participants who came from a two-parent household, dominance in dating was linked to less violence. When the participants faced higher levels of psychological aggression, adverse early socialization factors were associated with higher levels of dating violence victimization and perpetration. Research and practice implications were discussed.

LanguageEnglish
Pages81-114
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Crime Victims
Socialization
Aggression
Psychology
Domestic Violence
Violence
Intimate Partner Violence
Students
Education
Research

Keywords

  • college dating violence
  • early socialization
  • family social structure
  • relationship dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

The Roles of Family Factors and Relationship Dynamics on Dating Violence Victimization and Perpetration Among College Men and Women in Emerging Adulthood. / Paat, Yok Fong; Markham, Christine.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 81-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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